During times such as these, health is more critical than ever. The good news is that even small measures can make a big difference. This article addresses the basic steps that you and your loved ones must take to prevent being infected with COVID-19. Take care of your health and protect your loved ones by taking the following steps.

1. Be at home as much as possible

There is no available treatment yet, and hospitals are overwhelmed with patients. So people with mild symptoms are potentially at greater risk of harm if they go to a hospital. The only thing you can do to protect yourself is to stop getting sick in the first place. To do so, you need to stay home. Keep your kids at home, avoid going out whenever possible, and eliminate contact with individuals outside of your household unless strictly necessary (necessary includes, for example, a pharmacist giving you medicine). It’s also true that this is not possible for everyone as there are some jobs that involve venturing out. This is why employers are advised to be as flexible as possible in order to reduce the danger to employees and their families.

2. Maintain the distance

Social distancing is a public-health practice designed to reduce disease transmission opportunities. The idea is simple: to avoid the contagion of infected people with healthy people. Identifying who is infected and who isn’t is difficult, so avoid direct contact with the people around you. Try to keep a distance of at least 1 meter if someone around you is coughing or sneezing, and cover your mouth and eyes. Since the disease spreads from person to person through the liquid droplets that are sprayed when someone sneezes or coughs, doing this can prevent the virus from entering your body. You should also stay away from crowded places because, in places where there are a lot of people, it’s hard to maintain social distance.

3. Seek Medical Care Early

If you or someone you know is exhibiting signs like cough, nausea, or trouble breathing, see a doctor as soon as possible. If you are someone with a history of pneumonia or have signs of pneumonia, you need to be on the lookout and report to the doctor for required testing. Through doing so, you can cover yourself and also help prevent the spread of the virus.

4. Stay informed

Keep a check on Corona virus updates in your neighborhood. Avoid areas of the city that have reported cases of the disease. Gather information through reliable sources like the World Health Organization (and not WhatsApp videos) about current prevention methods that have been put in place and follow them. National and local authorities have the most up-to-date information on the situation in your locality.

5. Practice food safety

Have separate meat and vegetable cutting boards, and clean them with soap daily. Wash your hands before eating cooked food and after handling raw food. Do not eat food from restaurants or stalls without proper hygiene facilities such as hand washing or sanitizing. Consume only those food items that have been thoroughly cooked as the heat destroys the presence of germs.

6. Travel with caution

Avoid crowded public transport, and use tissue to cover the mouth while coughing or sneezing. Put used tissue inside dustbins only, do not throw it outside. When you have symptoms such as cough, fever, or cold, stop traveling altogether. Stop rubbing your pupils, your mouth and your nose when outside. Wear face masks in crowded places and do not use your hands to touch your mask once you put it on.

7. Wash your hands regularly

For now, the best way to prevent yourself from getting infected is to wash your hands regularly with soap. Wash your hands before eating, after sneezing, or coughing, and after getting in touch with someone with symptoms. When you have to leave your house, the safest way to protect yourself is by washing your face. Also if you don’t leave your own house, they also urge you to wash your hands. Wash your hands when you come back home, as well as after handling something that anyone outside your immediate household has handled. It is advised to use soap and water whenever possible, because that is most effective in eliminating sorts of germs from your hands. Hand sanitizers should only be used if you’re outdoors and have no access to water and soap. Wash the hands thoroughly for at least twenty seconds.

8. Hand a Sanitizer

The most convenient hygienic measure you can take is alcoholic hand rubbers or sanitizers. It’s an easy and safe way to keep your hands clean without getting your hands wet in public areas. Buy 60 to 95 percent alcohol-based sanitizers.

9. Use a mask

If you live in an area where COVID-19 cases have been registered, consider wearing a facemask before heading out. A face mask gives you essential protection from respiratory germs and infections. In crowded places and public transport, in particular, a facemask should be mandatory, whether you have symptoms or not.

10. Disinfect your home

Wash the towels and bed-sheets. Wipe walls, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fittings, sinks, telephones, laptops, and bedside tables every two days. Keeping your house clean ensures you a safe against pathogens. Finally, washing your hands won’t do any good if you touch something covered in germs immediately (for example, your phone, which is ten times dirtier than a toilet seat). To that end, you should clean surfaces frequently in your own home. Pay special attention to regularly handled items and surfaces such as telephones, door handles, chairs, faucets, desks, light switches, keyboards, and toilets. Use soap and water to disinfect them properly.

When using such basic measures against COVID-19 in your everyday routine, the chances of being infected can be minimized. Though there may be a possibility of silent transmission of disease, you will be doing your best to keep yourself and your family safe by remaining hygienic and taking easy measures like the ones discussed above.


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